White Southerner John F. Ray certifies "that in one instance I saw a small . . . boy riding on a horse sittting behind a rebel Lieutenant, when this Lieutenant was ordered by a Superior officer [I am almost-positive that it was Gen. Chalmers] to take “that God d -- d nigger down and shoot him or he (would) himself be shot!” The order was obeyed and the boy was killed."
After the war General Chalmers was elected to the Mississippi State Senate and then to the United States Congress.