From the missing 1864 Military Investigation

Testimony of John F. Ray:

White Southerner John F. Ray certifies "that in one instance I saw a small . . . boy riding on a horse sittting behind a rebel Lieutenant, when this Lieutenant was ordered by a Superior officer [I am almost-positive that it was Gen. Chalmers] to take “that God d -- d nigger down and shoot him or he (would) himself be shot!” The order was obeyed and the boy was killed."

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After the war General Chalmers was elected to the Mississippi State Senate and then to the United States Congress.