Pages 4 through 29
“Forrest was well known as a Memphis speculator and Mississippi gambler. He was for some time Captain of a boat which ran between Memphis and Vicksburg. As his fortune increased he engaged in plantation speculation, and became the nominal owner of two plantations.”
In 1858 Forrest purchased 1,900 acres of cotton land in Coahoma, Mississippi, from H. C. Chambers and across the river in Phillips County, Arkansas, he purchased another 1,346 acres of land from James C. Tappan.
The County seat for Phillips County was Helena. With no railroads, its link to the world was it docks on the Mississippi River. The Census for 1860 revealed that Phillips County had more slaves than any other County in Arkansas. The 8,941 slaves were more than half of the white population. (Less than 10% of the white population owned the slaves.) Discovered not far from Helena, Arkansas, was a whipping house. It was used by the slave owners in Phillips County and across river in Coahoma County, Mississippi.
On September 9, 1862, the correspondent for the Missouri Democrat described a grist mill that was used to grind human flesh. It was located 25 miles from Helena, Arkansas. The journalist described the mill as about 6 feet in diameter and 10 feet high. It had a long rod located in the middle of the room. Attached to the rod were 2-inch-wide leather straps. Tied to the wide leather straps were smaller, thin pieces of leather. Attached by a series of cogwheels, the long rod could whirl the leather at a speed of 200 revolutions a minute. Hampton Jones, the proprietor, had the victims stripped and locked in place. Then with a watch in hand, he made sure that they were whipped for 15 minutes.
Surgeon Humphrey H. Hood described the disfiguring wounds on the back of slaves as huge cords of calloused flesh, with ridges as wide as two fingers and as deep as a little finger. It was not known how a pattern of wounds could be so similar, until the grist mill was found.
Though his plantations and slave pens made Forrest rich, he was always in need of money. This, because he was a gambler. Being a gambler is like holding money with sieve. What comes in, just as quickly goes out.
Due to the importance of the Card, we reproduced it.
General Forrest, a War criminal guilty of crimes against humanity, was turned into a Hero and his victims into villains. Discover how truth found in rare documents, debunks Forrest.
RESEARCH at Universities and National Archives
National Archives, Washington, D. C.
University of Chicago, Chicago Illinois
University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas
Memphis State University, Memphis Tennessee
Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri
U. S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, Tennessee
FIELD TRIPS to Historical Sites
Records kept by Courts, local Libraries and Historical Societies were examined. Visits to Fort Pillow and surrounding area were made at different times of the year. What is seen during winter months is different than what is seen in spring or summer.
Brownsville; Covington; Dyersburg; Fowlkes; Fort Pillow; Jackson; Memphis; Germantown; Ripley; Shelbyville; Sparta; Trenton; Troy; Union City.
Clinton; Columbus; Fulton; Hickman; Mayfield; Paducah.
Cairo; Mound City; Chicago.
Springfield; St. Louis
Shelby Foote appeared on ABC’s “Nightline” as an authority of what happened during the War between the States and on PBS as the commentator in Ken Burns presentation of “The Civil War”.
As a summary to Foote´s work the Contemporary Literary Criticism Volume 75 page 242 reports that “his most striking hero is, of course, Nathan Bedford Forrest . . . and Foote finds him particularly attractive and exemplary of those masculine virtues he deems indispensable to the survival of society.” With the art of a pen, a War criminal becomes a Hero. As for the victims, Shelby Foote wrote that the sworn testimonies of 100 eye-witnesses, who saw the mutilated bodies, are nothing more than “a tissue of lies” written on toilet paper.
One would think that there must be a mountain of evidence to make the claim that the victims were the villains and the villain a Hero. No! There is no evidence. Just the word of a Southern Gentleman from Memphis who claims it would be impossible to footnote “point by point” the Official Record of the War of the Rebellion and other sources. (Dictionary of Literary Biography Volume 17 page 155)
How did critics and professional historians react to Foote´s failure to provide footnotes?
If you were a student in a history class and had no footnotes, you would have failed. Therefore, it seems strange to read that 20 years ago the Contemporary Literary Criticism Volume 75 page 233 and 244 said that “most critics―including professional historians ―do not question the validity of (Foote’s) . . . information.”
Without footnotes, Foote´s work is nothing more than fiction, based on the prejudices of a man that admires the ruthless savagery of a criminal. Instead of acknowledging this fact the Prestigious World of Academia gave their stamp of approval, and their praise. (Their praise and stamp of approval etched in stone the lies.)
The educated class of our day wants the cold-hard-facts. The book Extinguish the Flames of Racial Prejudice satisfies their desire by doing what Shelby Foote said was impossible. “Point-by-Point” the Official Record of the War of the Rebellion and other sources are footnoted.
In 1840 Thomas Jordan and William Tecumseh Sherman are roommates at the United States Military Academy at West Point. At the outbreak of the war Jordan serves as a spy for the Confederacy and later as the Chief of Staff for General Bragg. Immediately after the war Jordan becomes the editor of a Memphis newspaper. His professional journalist is John P. Pryor. Their job is to elevate Forrest from a war criminal to a hero. This will be no easy task. For hanging over Forrest’s head is the charge of ordering the brutal murder of defenseless men, women and children in the massacre at Fort Pillow, Tennes-see. Further corrupting his reputation is the May 1866 burning of a school in Memphis and the brazen attack on a colored community that left 47 dead. (The only known attacker killed is a white man that died when his gun malfunctioned.)
Follow the links and let your eyes visualize the scene.
The attackers, though known, were not arrested. In response to the injustice, Forrest, while not denying what happened, threatened the community, boasting that he can call to arms thousands of night riders.
In 1868 Jordan´s book The Campaigns of Lieutenant-General Forrest is published. Having completed his assignment to turn Forrest into a hero, Jordan leaves for a new adventure.
In 1869 Jordan serves as the Chief of Staff on the army that invades Cuba. With him are 300 men and arms, ammunition, and supplies for an additional 6,000 men. The money behind the venture comes from a criminal organization. This organization has a historical record of creating two opposing sides and pitting them against each other. (From the ashes, they say, they can build what they want.)
Thirty (30) years later, in 1899, another author, J. A. Wyeth, emerges. Though claiming he has a huge collection of documents to support his glorification of Forrest, none are produced. He is the President of the New York and American Medical Association.
Like General Jordan, Wyeth, who writes to honor Forrest, wants you to believe he is telling the truth. But ask yourself, does being a person of importance and prominence rule out the need to provide evidence in support of their conclusions?
What is the K.K.K. (alias K.G.C.) doing?
The answer is found in the Philippians.
The K.K.K. is in the Islands of the Philippians stirring revolt. Their blood oath and secret codes were discovered and published. Embroidered on cloth under a crown and above the rays of the sun, are the words K.K.K.
Kastipunan nq mga Anak nq Bayan
With the K.K.K. back in the news, at home and abroad, the name of Forrest is once again lifted to that of a Hero.
It is logical to ask: for what purpose is a dead man raised to the status of a Hero? The answer is clear. It is to inspire guerrilla warfare and the tactics of a terrorist.
Our next author, to glorify Forrest, is Shelby Foote. He appears in 1958. He produces 3 Volumes of the Civil War, dated 1958, 1963 and 1974.
Ask yourself: What is the K.K.K. doing?
It is the civil rights movement. The K.K.K. prohibits coloreds from voting by fighting a war against people who have no guns, and refuse to retaliate.
People of prejudice, and some who are misinformed, use the offensive “n” word to describe slaves. Out of respect for the truth and what is decent, when possible I have replaced the “n” word with the word “black” or “blacks”.
The Spanish word for the color black is “Negron”. The “e” has the sound of an “a”. The Spanish are the ones who started importing slaves to the Americas. People of prejudice turned the Spanish word into a slang word that was intended to insult, humiliate, debase and degrade someone as inferior. The use of the word was like a two edge sword. It debased people and cut from them the dignity of being people.
In Florida I met a woman whose complexion was yellow. Blacks made her feel inferior, claiming that her ancestors must have been white. It was to her relief and pleasure to learn that the African family known as Fullah´s, are yellow just like her and that the Mendes are brown and the Madingo´s ebony black.
If one were to take the lightest color found in a human and lined it up to the next lightest and continued to do that, they would eventually end up with a light white person at one end of the line and a black person at the other end. A snap shot of the picture would prove that we are one family, with varieties of color, size and shape.
U. S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle, Pennsylvania
At news of General Forrest´s death, a young Mississippian belonging to the “aristocracy” recorded in his diary: “The dog is dead.”
Earlier, this young man had written: “I must express my distaste to being commanded by a man having no pretension to gentility―a (slave) trader, gambler―an ambitious man, careless of the lives of his men . . . I object to a tyrannical hotheaded vulgarian commanding me.”
The slave pen on 87-89 Adams Street is in the rear of the Episcopal Church. It is an old fashioned four-story building, with a brick piazza on four arches, painted yellow.
During the Mexican War John Forrest was shot and paralyzed from the waist down. He lived at a Hotel at the corner of Main and Adams. With the aid of crutches, he could raise himself and walk. He is a notorious gambler and clerk at the slave pens in Memphis. His younger brother Jeffery served as an agent for the purchase and sale of slaves and managed a livery stable. William operated a branch of the business in St. Louis, Missouri, and Aaron in Vicksburg, Mississippi. All of the brothers are vicious cruel men. They scoured the country as agents and slave drivers. The whips, hounds, coffle chains and torture devices were the items of their trade.
Slaves, enslaved at the pens in Memphis, said: Forrest whipped a slave to death using a “trace chain,” doubled for the purpose. To hide what he did, the slave was secretly buried. (To protect his image, Forrest has to hide the body.) His slaves know the real Forrest. They say he is vindictive, cruel and unscrupulous; and that there were frequent quarrels between Mary Montgomery, his legal wife, and Catharine, his mistress.
General Forrest´s Chief of Artillery, John Watson Morton, wrote, that Forrest in one of his fits of rage unjustly accused Lieutenant Gould of being a coward. (Forrest has a reputation as one that strikes first, therefore, one must question his word when he states there was an argument and that Gould struck first.)
The detailed account found in a book written by Forrest´s Chief of Artillery, John Watson Morton, page 101-104, states: that Lieutenant Gould entered to have a private talk with Forrest. It is Forrest that states that he was sitting behind a desk; that Gould pulled a gun, and that Forrest in response stabbed him. This is hard to believe.
Based on the personality of Forrest and his history of striking first, it is more reasonable to believe that Forrest´s reaction to Lieutenant Gould standing up to him and demanding a reason for calling him a coward, was to lung from his chair and stab him. (Proof is in the fact that Forrest was shot in the leg. How could that happen if, as he says, he was sitting behind a desk?)
When Forrest lunged at Gould, Gould pulled his gun and shot. (It is the only explanation that explains how Forrest could have been shot in the leg, and Gould stabbed in the chest.)
The seriously injured Gould fled. Forrest had the sense to go to a Doctor, then to his gun on the saddle of his horse. To hide the details of who struck first, Gould had to be killed. Forrest enters to where Gould´s injury is being treated, and shots him in the back as he flees.
At Shiloh, in disobedience to his military orders, Forrest left his assigned position. Then, without regard for the safety of his men or for those who would suffer because he deserted his position, he made an irrational cavalry charge. What happened during the charge turned him into an enraged killer fighting his own war under a black flag. To hide this fact no one mentions in their field reports what Forrest was doing. All other units made their reports, but not Forrest. You will find nothing from him. To discover why, we have to go back to the year 1448 C. E.
In 1448 Alfonso V., King of Aragon in Spain and King of Naples and Sicily in Italy, paid the Dragon of Albania (George Skanderberg whose military skills were likened to Alexander the Great) to send a detachment of troops to help suppress rebellion in Italy. General Demetrios Reres was sent. One year later another detachment was sent. As a reward for their service the troops were given land. This led to an influx of settlers from Albania and Greece. One of the villages they established in Sicily was called Contessa Entellina. In 1780 Spain gave Francois Charles Grévemberg the tile of a Spanish Don and a land grant of 10,000 acres near Jeanerette, Louisiana. His Albania plantation was called “Little Kingdom”. Between 1837 and 1842 his son Charles Alexandre constructed from cypress, milled on his property, a magnificent Greek edifice. During his lifetime he was the most successful and innovative sugar baron in the country. Upon his death his son, also called Charles Alexandre, ruled his Kingdom. His need for slaves was constant and never-ending. He had 3,000 acres of sugar cane under cultivation, 1,000 acres of indigo, plus much additional acreage to other crops. In addition to the fields, Charles was a breeder of slaves and horses. The horses were Arabian thoroughbreds. While attending the University of Yale, Charles became friends with the Jamaican sugar Baron Isaac Delgado.
At the start of the war it is Charles and his mother, Euphemie Fuselier, that makes it possible for Forrest to begin his journey in the military.
Charles called his Albania Plantation his “Little Kingdom.”
Forrest´s has among his escort:
After the battle of Shiloh, at Fallen Timbers, Forrest was ordered to command the rearguard. The protection of the retreating Confederates troops should have been his first concern.
Forrest’s reaction to Charles being hit and killed was blind rage. Without regard for his life, he spurred his horse forward. Quickly, he outdistanced his men. Before he realized what he was doing, he was deep inside the Union line, surrounded by Union troops.
He drew his two revolvers. After emptying them, he drew his sword and began slashing at the men. One soldier stuck his rifle into Forrest’s side and fired, lifting him off of his saddle. (The ball lodged against his spine.) Regaining control of his horse, he remounted, and fled. As Union forces shot after him, he reached down and grabbed an unsuspecting Union soldier and brought him up on the back of his horse. Once he was clear, he threw the man to the ground and escaped.
Praised for his uncontrolled rage, lifts Forrest from a man deserting his post, to a hero.
Historians glorifying Forrest find much pleasure in describing a scene that took place at General Bragg´s Headquarters on Missionary Ridge. Forrest threatens the General and calls him a liar, then storms out of Bragg´s headquarters, laughing about it. It is true; Forrest committed an act for which others would have been arrested and shot. It is also true that he met with President Davis and was promoted to Major-General.
General Bragg did the unexpected.
He caught the Union Army by surprise when he moved the Army of the Mississippi 700 miles by rail from Tupelo, Mississippi, to Chattanooga. In the battle of Chickamauga on September 19-20, 1863, General Bragg achieved a major victory when Lieutenant-General James Longstreet opened a gap in the Union defenses. What prevented a complete rout of Union forces was a stand on Snodgrass Hill by General George H. Thomas.
Forrest, who is a Brigadier-General, is impulsive, giving no consideration to the consequences. He also has the reputation of leaving his post, as he did in Shiloh, and fighting his own personal battles. Instead of yielding to his superior officers, Forrest rebels.
General Bragg had three alternative courses of action.
1. He could outflank the Union Army by crossing the Tennessee River either below or above the city of Chattanooga. This was deemed impracticable because Bragg did not have pontoons and without them he could not cross the river.
2. They were short on ammunition. What made that worse was that General Longstreet arrived without supply wagons. This meant that what remained of the ammunition had to be shared with them. This ruled out a direct attack against a fortified enemy that had no shortage of ammunition.
3. General Bragg received intelligence that the Union forces in Chattanooga only had rations for 6 days. His decision, based on intelligence and good sense, was to keep his men in a close circle of Chattanooga and starve them out. And that during the siege, have his men find a way to cross the Tennessee and flank them.
General Forrest was assigned to protect the left flank, to the east. Instead of doing that, he heads east into a beautiful valley that leads to Athens some 60 miles away. It is a raiding party, hunting for supplies from detached Union units and civilians. It is reported by those who brag about Forrest’s exploits that he may have gone to Sweetwater, Tennessee, and then to where the Tennessee River crosses Highway 75.
All that Bragg knows is that Forrest is somewhere near Athens, Tennessee, and that he has refused to turn his troops over to General Wheeler.
Forrest was not going to give up his men without a fight. A petition, signed by officers is sent to President Davis requesting that General Bragg be removed from command.
Forrest is not the only General, Bragg is disciplining. On September 20, when ordered to attack, some refused to do so. A religious Bishop, serving as a General, is the most vocal. He resisted orders, and was causing dissension. To solve the problem, President Davis promised to personally investigate. Forrest’s raids into east Tennessee gave him arms, horses, and ammunition. He was not going to give his men to anyone. Before he will do that, he will resign. Therefore, he stays in the east somewhere near Athens. When he is ready to act, Forrest takes a train to Dalton, Georgia, and from there, north up to Ringgold station where he meets Major Cowan, his wife’s cousin, and then rides up to Bragg’s headquarters. (The only witness to what occurs inside Bragg’s tent is Forrest and Major Cowan. Together, if needed, they can deny that the General was threatened.)
Like a spoiled child, Forrest threatens the General and then, because he cannot have his way, gives the General his resignation. (No doubt the General is pleased with that.)
President Davis did not remove General Bragg as commanding officer. He supports General Bragg in his decision to remove the religious Bishop serving as a General, and several other officers. As for Forrest, Davis promotes him to Major-General and gives him an independent command in North Mississippi and West Tennessee, but without his men.
As General Bragg ordered, Forrest’s men had to be turned over to General Wheeler. All that Forrest was allowed to keep was his staff and core group of bodyguards.
The petty infighting by slaveholders appointed Generals, did more harm than historians have been willing to admit.*
*See Autumn of Glory by Thomas Lawrence Connelly. He published the documents, correspondence and petitions against General Bragg.
Instead of reporting the truth, it is claimed by those glorifying Forrest that the battle for Chattanooga was lost because General Bragg refused to listen to Forrest. Forrest, without considering the consequences, wanted Bragg to make a rash frontal attack. Angry because his idea was rejected, Forrest left his position and headed east, going some 90 miles away.
To desert your post during a military maneuver is a serious violation. It left unprotected, the right flank of the army. It also opened a door where food was smuggled into the city, thus, preventing Bragg from starving the Union Army into surrender.
The truth, like a thrust of a sword pierces the heart, causing pain and agony.
In recognition of the pain the following disclaimer is made:
“The author shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damage caused, or alleged to be caused, directly or indirectly by the contents of the book EXTINGUISH theFlames of Racial Prejudice.”
The pain caused by truth is like the pain caused by a Surgeon that removes a deadly cancer. In comparison to the life that is saved, the pain is momentary. In a similar manner, the truth removes the cancer causing racial prejudice and hate.
Who do African-Americans hate you for what happened more than 150 years ago? Is there anything you can do about it?
The book EXTINGUISH the Flames of Racial Prejudice will help you understand their anger and at the same time provide the basis for ending the guilt.
To understand the reasons for hate, one has to look at what happened in the institution of slavery as one would look at a child that has been sexually abused by a parent, or relative, or by one that is bigger and more powerful. Years pass, and no longer is there abuse. But there are the scares, and underneath, the festering pain. Before healing can begin the one abused must admit what happened. Then face in person or by letter, the one that abused them. Regardless how the accused reacts, the victim is free, and has peace. The comfort, like soothing oil, does not come from the abuser, but from those that acknowledge the pains of the victim, and expresses sympathy for what they endured. The Truth gives people a reason for doing that.